2004年考研英语阅读真题及解析【第三篇】(2004年考研英语阅读)

2004年考研英语阅读真题及解析【第三篇】(2004年考研英语阅读)缩略图
2024年 2月 13日 0 Comments

passage3注解:标题为红色,翻译为蓝色,分析为绿色。?????????when it comes to the slowing economy, ellen spero isnt biting her nails【biting ones?nails咬手指,束手无策】 just yet. but the 47-year-old manicurist美甲师 isnt cutting, filing搓平?or polishing打磨 as many nailsas shed like to, either. most of her clients spend $12 to $50 weekly, but last month two longtime customers【?longtime customers长期顾客】 suddenly stopped showing up.【show?up出现.】 spero blames the softening软掉了的?economy.m a good economic indicator指示者,so spero is downscaling降低档次, shopping at middle-brow中档的 dillards department store【?百货商场department store】 near her suburban郊区的?cleveland home, instead of neiman marcus.she says.
????????even before alan greenspans red-hot economy is cooling, lots of working folks【working folks上班族】 had already seen signs of the slowdown themselves. from cardealerships经销店 to gap outlets出售点,分销点(本文意思),情绪发泄方式, sales have been lagging(lag滞后,掉后) for months as shoppers消费者 temper缓和 their spending开支. for retailers, who last year took in 24 percent of their revenue收益 between thanksgiving and christmas, the cautious approach is coming at a crucialtime. already, experts say, holiday sales are off 7 percent from last yeart sound any alarms just yet【not yet尚未】. consumers seem only mildly concerned, not panicked恐慌的, and many say they remain optimistic about the economys long-term prospects even as they
2004年考研英语阅读真题及解析【第三篇】(2004年考研英语阅读)插图
do some modest不太多的(本文意思),适中的,谦虚的?belt-tightening【belt-tightening缩小开支,勒紧裤腰带(过日子)】.
????????consumers say theys a new gold rush happening in the $4 million to $10 million range【指地区房价】, predominantly占领导地位地?fed(资金)供给 by wall street bonuses,says broker经纪人 barbara corcoran. in san francisco旧金山, prices are still rising even as frenzied狂暴的 overbidding高出出价的?quiets安静.instead of 20 to 30 offers报价, now maybe you only get two or three,says john tealdi,a bay area real-estate【real-estate房地产】 broker. and most folks still feel pretty comfortable about their ability to find and keep a job.
????????many folks see silver linings【?silver linings一线希望】 to this slowdown. potential home buyers would cheer for lower interest rates. employers wouldnt mind a little fewer bubbles in the job market. many consumers seem to have been influenced by stock-market swings摇摆,摆动, which investors now view as a necessary ingredient因素 to a sustained boom繁荣. diners might see an upside不好的事情, too. getting a table at manhattans hot new alain ducasse restaurant used to be impossible. not anymore不再了. for that, greenspan & co. may still be worth toasting举杯.
一、文章结构分析
本文从斯珀若的例子展开讨论,论述了美国当前经济形势下,消费者没有表现出恐慌。
第一段:以美甲师斯珀若的情况为典型事例,说明美国的经济情况影响到了很多人的生活。
第二段:使用列举的方法说明美国经济在降温,但段落后半部分笔锋一转,点明人们并不恐慌。
第三段:使用房地产业为典型事例,说明段首的主题句:人们自己财富的感觉依然良好。
第四段:在此使用列举的方法说明段首的主题句:人们从这次经济滑坡中看到了自己可以得到的好处。
31. by(line 1, paragraph 1), the author means.
[a] spero can hardly maintain her business.
[b] spero is too much engaged in her work.
[c] spero has grown out of her bad habit.
[d] spero is not in a desperate situation.
31.作者说“e11en spero isnt biting her nails just yet”意思是。
【a】斯珀若无法维持自己的生意。
【b】斯珀若过分投入自己的工作。
【c】斯珀若改掉了坏习惯。
【d】斯珀若还没处于绝望的状态。
32. how do the public feel about the current economic situation?
[a] optimistic.
[b] confused.
[c] carefree.
[d] panicked.
32.公众对目前的经济形势感觉如何?
【a】乐观
【b】迷惑
【c】无忧无虑的
【d】恐慌
33. when mentioning (lines 3, paragraph 3), the author is talking about
[a] gold market.
[b] real estate.
[c] stock exchange.
[d] venture investment.
33.作者提到“the $4million to $10million range”(第三段第三至第四行)的时候,在谈论什么?
【a】黄金市场
【b】房地产业
【c】股票交易
【d】风险投资
34. why can many people seeto the economic slowdown?
[a] they would benefit in certain ways.
[b] the stock market shows signs of recovery.
[c] such a slowdown usually precedes a boom.
[d] the purchasing power would be enhanced.
34.为什么在经济滑坡中人们看到了“一线希望”?
【a】他们可能在某些方面获益。
【b】股票市场出现复苏的迹象。
【c】紧接着这种滑坡的往往是繁荣。
【d】购买力得以增强。
35. to which of the following is the author likely to agree?
[a] a new boom, on the horizon.
[b] tighten the belt, the single remedy.
[c] caution all right, panic not.
[d] the more ventures, the more chances.
35.对于下列说法,作者可能同意哪个?
【a】新的繁荣即将出现。
【b】勒紧裤腰带,这是唯一的解决方法。
【c】有必要谨慎,没必要恐慌。
【d】投资越多,机会越多。
二、核心词汇与超纲词汇
(1)dealership(n.)代理权,经销权;dealer代理商
(2)downscale(v.)缩减…的规模
(3)frenzy(n.)狂暴,狂怒
(4)indicator(n.)指示器;indicate指出,显示,预示
(5)lining(n.)[服装]衬里;内里;
(6)manicurist(n.)指甲修饰师
(7)panick或panic(n.)惊慌,恐慌
(8)predominant1y(ad.)主要地,突出地;卓越地;
predominate掌握,控制,支配;
predominant 主要的,占优势的
(9)retailer(n.)零售商人;retail零售;wholesale批发;wholesaler批发商
(10)slowdown(n.)减速
(11)temper(n.v.)回火;调节;使缓和;
三、阅读答案:d a b ac
四、全文翻译:?
????????当经济发展减缓时,艾伦·斯珀若还没有处于绝望的状态。然而,“这个47岁的美甲师修剪、锉磨、上油的指甲却没有自己希望的那样多了。她大多数的客户每周花十二至五十美元,然而上个月两个老顾客突然不来了。斯珀若将之归结于疲软的经济。“我是一个准确的经济晴雨表”,她说,“我提供的服务在人们考虑省钱时就不需要了。”因此,斯珀若也在节约开支。她改去克利兰德郊区她家附近的迪拉德百货商场购物,而不再去奈曼·马克尔斯了。“我不知道其他的客户是否也会弃我而去。”? ? ????
????????甚至在艾伦·格林斯潘承认美国过热的经济开始降温之前,众多的工人自己已经看到了经济减速的迹象。随着消费者削减开支,从汽车销售商到gap名牌专卖店,销售量开始几个月来连续下降。对于零售商来说,在去年感恩节和圣诞节期间的收入为全年收入的百分之二十四,对他们来讲,顾客的这种谨慎态度可是发生在节骨眼上。据专家称,今年的假日消费速度和去年相比已经减缓了百分之七。不过,目前还不必拉响警报。消费者好像仅仅是中度关注,没有恐慌,很多人说,即使当他们稍微勒紧裤腰带的时候,他们对经济的远景还是乐观的。
????????消费者说,尽管报纸的头条新闻很吓人,他们之所以没有绝望,其原因在于他们对自己的财产状况仍然感觉良好。大部分地区房价保持稳定。在曼哈顿,“又出现了新一轮的淘金热,总值达到四百万至一千万美元。这笔资金主要是由华尔街股票红利注入。”股票经纪人芭芭拉·可考恩说。在旧金山,高价抢购现象虽然已经平息,房价却依旧看涨。“你现在只能在两三套房子间选择了,而不是二十或三十套。”海湾地区房地产经纪人约翰·梯尔迪说道。而且大多数人仍然有能力找到并且保持一份工作,他们对此颇为满足。
????????许多人从经济减缓中获得了好处。潜在的买房人会因低利率而高兴。雇主不介意人才市场有点泡沫。尽管很多消费者似乎一直受到股票市场波动的影响,投资者却把这种波动看作持续繁柴必不可少的一个因素。就餐者从中也得到很大的益处。过去,在曼哈顿新开的火爆的阿兰·杜卡斯饭店吃上一桌是不可能的,而现在情形大不相同。就凭这个,也值得格林斯潘和商业举杯。

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